‘The Evangelists St Mark and St Luke’ Mattias Stom (1600-1652)

Course Description

This interesting course is geared towards giving an overview of the four Gospel accounts of Jesus’ public ministry, death and Resurrection. In this course you will see the different theological perspectives that the four canonical Gospel accounts give. You will see why we have four canonical Gospels and how they complement rather than contradict each other. The course will give you the tools to enable you to distinguish the different styles of writing that each Gospel possesses and to see the reasons for the diversity in their presentation of Jesus.

Beginning with a study of the theology of the written Word of God we will see why and how the texts of Scripture differ from every other piece of literature. After completing these preliminary remarks we will look at what constitutes the literary genre of gospel. This is a necessary study which will lay the foundations for us to investigate the presentation of Jesus in each of the four Gospels.

Since the course is aimed at outlining the picture painted of Jesus by each of the four Gospel writers we will follow the Gospel’s canonical order: Matthew, Mark, Luke and then John. This course is aimed at the beginners’ level, enabling them to grasp the outline of each of the four Gospels.

We will look at the authorship of each Gospel and the historical context of the author’s audience. This will help us grasp more firmly the author’s theological presentation of Jesus’ character. Using the Second Vatican Council’s Dei Verbum (n.12) and the Catechism of the Catholic Church (nn.112-114) as a guide, we will constantly employ the three criteria for interpreting Scripture in accordance with the Spirit who inspired it:

  1. Be especially attentive to the content and unity of the whole Scripture;
  2. Read Scripture within the living tradition of the whole Church;
  3. Be attentive to the analogy of faith.

So come and enjoy this beginners’ course and discover the literary picture painted of Jesus by the four Gospels!

Course Objectives

  1. To understand how the four canonical Gospels differ in their presentation of Jesus.
  2. To learn about the genre of gospel.
  3. To discover the theological intent of each of the four Gospel writers.
  4. To grasp the specific literary picture painted of Jesus by each of the four canonical Gospels.

Course Duration

6 Weeks: 12 Hours (i.e., two hours, one night a week).

Recommended Reading

Texts Recommended for Purchase by Course Participants:

Byrne, Brendan. A Costly Freedom: A Theological Reading of Mark’s Gospel. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2008.

_________. Lifting the Burden: Reading Matthew’s Gospel in the Church Today. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2004.

_________. The Hospitality of God: A Reading of Luke’s Gospel. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2000.

Kelly, Anthony J. and Francis J. Moloney. Experiencing God in the Gospel of John. New Jersey: Paulist Press, 2003.

Popular Level Reading:

Bauckham, Richard. The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple: Narrative, History, and Theology in the Gospel of John. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2007.

Coloe, Mary L. Dwelling in the Household of God: Johannine Ecclesiology and Spirituality. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2007.

Gray, Timothy C. Mission of the Messiah: On the Gospel of Luke. Steubenville, Ohio: Emmaus Road Publishing, 1998.

Hahn, Scott. A Father Who Keeps His Promises: God’s Covenant Love in Scripture. Michigan: Servant Publications, 1998.

Hahn, Scott and Curtis Mitch. The Ignatius Catholic Bible Study: The New Testament. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2010.

Healy, Mary. The Gospel of Mark. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2008.

LaVerdiere, Eugene. Dining in the Kingdom of God: the Origins of the Eucharist According to Luke. Chicago: Liturgy Training Publications, 1994.

Meyer, Ben F. Five Speeches that Changed the World. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1994.

Meyer, Marvin W. Who Do People Say I Am: The Interpretation of Jesus in the New Testament Gospels. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1983.

Mitch, Curtis and Edward Sri. The Gospel of Matthew: Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2010.

Sri, Edward. Mystery of the Kingdom: On the Gospel of Matthew. Steubenville, Ohio: Emmaus Road Publishers, 1999.

Thematic Works for this Course:

Achtemeier, Paul J. Inspiration and Authority: Nature and Function of Christian Scripture. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 1999.

Béchard, Dean P. ed. and trans. The Scripture Documents: An Anthology of Official Catholic Teachings. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2002.

Bruce, F.F. The New Testament Documents: Are they Reliable? Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1981.

Catholic Church. Catechism of the Catholic Church. Homebush: St Pauls, 1994.

_________. The Historicity of the Gospels: Instruction of the Pontifical Biblical Commission. Boston: Pauline Books and Media, 1964.

_________. The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church: Address of His Holiness John Paul II and Document of the Pontifical Biblical Commission. Boston: St Paul Books and Media, 1993.

_________. Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents, New Revised Edition, vol. 1. Edited by Austin Flannery. New York: Costello Publishing Company, 1996.

Dauphinais, Michael and Matthew Levering. Holy People, Holy Land: A Theological Introduction to the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2005.

Farkasfalvy, Denis. Inspiration and Interpretation: A Theological Introduction to Sacred Scripture. Washington DC. The Catholic University of America Press, 2010.

Geisler, Norman L. and William C. Roach. Defending Inerrancy: Affirming the Accuracy of Scripture for a New Generation. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2011.

Hahn, Scott. A Father Who Keeps His Promises: God’s Covenant Love in Scripture. Michigan: Servant Publications, 1998.

_________. A Pocket Guide to the Bible. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor Division, 2008.

_________. Scripture Matters: Essays on Reading the Bible From the Heart of the Church. Steubenville, Ohio: Emmaus Road, 2003.

Shea, Mark P. Making Senses out of Scripture: Reading the Bible as the First Christians Did. San Diego: Basilica Press, 1999.

Sri, Edward. The Bible Compass: A Catholic’s Guide to Navigating the Scriptures. West Chester, PA: Ascension Press, 2009.

Stravinskas, Peter M.J. The Catholic Church and the Bible. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1996.

Vanhoozer, Kevin J. (ed.) Theological Interpretation of the New Testament: A Book-by-Book Survey. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2005, 2008.

_________. (ed.) Theological Interpretation of the Old Testament: A Book-by-Book Survey. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2005, 2008.

Scholarly Level Reading:

Allison, Dale C. (ed.) Studies in Matthew: Interpretation Past and Present. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2005.

Allison, Dale C. The New Moses: A Matthean Typology. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993.

Allison, Dale C. and W. D. Davies. Matthew 1-7. Great Britain: T&T Clark, 1988.

_________. Matthew 8-18. Great Britain: T&T Clark, 1991.

_________. Matthew 19-28. Great Britain: T&T Clark, 1997.

Aquinas, Thomas. Commentary on the Gospel of St. Matthew. Translated by Paul M. Kimball. Society of St. Pius X, 2012.

Beale, Gregory K. A New Testament Biblical Theology: The Unfolding of the Old Testament in the New. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2011.

Blomberg, Craig L. The Historical Reliability of John’s Gospel: Issues and Commentary. Downers Grove: IL: InterVarsity Press, 2001.

Brown, Raymond E. The Birth of the Messiah: A Commentary on the Infancy Narratives in Matthew and Luke. New York: Image Books, 1979.

Culpepper, R. Alan. Imagery in the Gospel of John: Terms, Forms, Themes, and Theology of Johannine Figurative Language. Edited by Jörg Frey, Jan G. van der Watt and Ruben Zimmermann. Mohr Siebeck, 2006.

Davies, W. D. The Setting of the Sermon on the Mount. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966.

Dungan, David, Laird. A History of the Synoptic Problem: The Canon, the Text, the Composition, and the Interpretation of the Gospels. New York: Doubleday, 1999.

Evans, Craig A. Matthew. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

France, R. T. The Gospel of Matthew (NICNT). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2007.

France, R.T. The Gospel of Mark (NIGTC). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2002.

Gray, Timothy C. The Temple in the Gospel of Mark: A Study in its Narrative Role. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2008.

Green, Joel B. The Gospel of Luke (NICNT). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997.

Harrington, Daniel J. The Gospel of Matthew (Sacra Pagina Series, vol. 1). Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2007.

Harrington, Daniel J and John R. Donahue. The Gospel of Mark (Sacra Pagina Series, vol. 2). Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2002.

Johnson, Luke T. and Daniel J. Harrington. The Gospel of Luke. (Sacra Pagina Series, vol. 3). Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2006.

Keener, Craig S. A Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999.

_________. Matthew. Downers Grove, Illinois: IVP Academic, 1997.

Knopp, Robert. Finding Jesus in the Gospels: A Companion to Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. Notre Dame, IN: Ave Maria Press, 1989.

Lane, William L. The Gospel of Mark (NICNT). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1974.

Marshall, Howard I. Commentary on Luke (NIGTC). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1978.

Matera, Frank J. Passion Narratives and Gospel Theology: Interpreting the Synoptics through their Passion Stories. New York: Paulist Press, 1986.

Moloney, Francis, J. The Gospel of John. (Sacra Pagina Series, vol. 4). Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1998.

_________. The Gospel of Mark: A Commentary. Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 2002.

_________. The Living Voice of the Gospel: The Gospels Today. John Garrat Publishing, 2006.

Nolland, John. The Gospel of Matthew (NIGTC). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2005.

Stock, Augustine. The Method and Message of Mark. Wilmington, Delaware: Michael Glazier, 1989.

Talbert, Charles H. Reading the Sermon on the Mount: Character Formation and Ethical Decision Making in Matthew 5-7. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2004.

Scholarly Journal Article:

Schönborn, Christoph Cardinal. “The Impression of the Figure: To Know Jesus as Christ.” Letter & Spirit 3 (2007): 15-22.