‘The Crucifixion’ Andrea Mantegna (1459-1506)

Course Description

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, “In the liturgy of the New Covenant every liturgical action, especially the celebration of the Eucharist and the sacraments, is an encounter between Christ and the Church” (n.1097). With the birth of the Church at Pentecost and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, a new era has been ushered in. In this new age of the Church Jesus manifests himself, makes present and communicates his work of salvation through the Church’s liturgy which he gave to her. In accordance with both Eastern and Western Tradition, Jesus’ action, now through the Church’s sacramental rites, is known as the ‘Sacramental Economy.’ Through this sacramental economy Jesus dispenses the fruits of his Pascal Mystery.

In this course we will begin by looking at how God was preparing his people for the coming of the Messiah and the sacramental dispensation throughout the Old Testament. The shadows or figures of the New Covenant’s sacraments were seen in both the age of nature or of the Patriarchs, before the coming of the Mosaic Law, and then with the ritual prescriptions of the Law, in the age of the Law. These shadows found their fulfillment in Christ and the sacraments he gave for the current age of grace. Finally, the sacramental veils covering the supernatural realities in the present age will be removed in the glorious manifestation of Jesus Christ at his second coming in the age of glory.

The course will adopt the line, becoming more prominently found in modern biblical scholarship, that the sacraments Jesus gave his Church are seven covenant oaths for the New Covenant. We will see how these seven sacraments fit into the economy of salvation and how they are ordered among themselves, with Baptism as the ‘gateway’ to all other sacraments, and the Eucharist—being Jesus himself—as the source and summit of the Christian life.

So come and enjoy this most beautiful course, and encounter Jesus in a new way through every sacrament you receive!

Course Objectives

  1. To obtain a firm understanding of the nature of covenant and oath swearing.
  2. To see how the sacraments of the New Covenant were prefigured in the Old Testament.
  3. To gain an understanding and appreciation of the sacraments as covenantal oaths of the New Law.
  4. To obtain a greater appreciation and love for Jesus as you encounter him in your reception of the sacraments.

Course Duration

6 Weeks: 12 Hours (i.e., two hours, one night a week).

Recommended Reading

Texts Recommended for Purchase by Course Participants:

Gray, Tim. Sacraments in Scripture: Salvation History Made Present. Steubenville, Ohio: Emmaus Road Publishing, 2001.

Hahn, Scott W. Lord Have Mercy: The Healing Power of Confession. New York: Doubleday, 2003.

_________. Many Are Called: Rediscovering the Glory of the Priesthood. New York: Doubleday, 2010.

_________. Swear to God: The Promise and Power of the Sacraments. New York: Doubleday, 2004.

Popular Level Reading:

Aquinas, Thomas. Catechetical Instructions of St. Thomas Aquinas. Edited by Paul A Böer Sr. Translated by Rev. Joseph B. Collins. Veritatis Splendor Publications, 2012.

Bouyer, Louis. The Word, Church and Sacraments: In Protestantism and Catholicism. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2004.

Hahn, Kimberly. Life-Giving Love: Embracing God’s Beautiful Design for Marriage. Cincinnati, OH: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2001.

Hahn, Scott W. Consuming the Word: The New Testament and the Eucharist in the Early Church. New York: Doubleday, 2013.

_________. The Lamb’s Supper: The Mass as Heaven on Earth. New York: Doubleday, 1999.

Ratzinger, Joseph. Feasts of Faith: Approaches to a Theology of the Liturgy. Translated by Graham Harrison. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1986.

Stasiak, Kurt. Sacramental Theology: Means of Grace, Way of Life (Catholic Basics: A Pastoral Ministry Series). Chicago, IL: Loyola Press, 2001.

Thematic Works for this Course:

Catholic Church. Catechism of the Catholic Church. Homebush: St Pauls, 1994.

_________. Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents, New Revised Edition, vol. 1. Edited by Austin Flannery. New York: Costello Publishing Company, 1996.

Scholarly Level Reading:

Aquinas, Thomas. ‘Light of Faith’: The Compendium of Theology. Sophia Institute, 1993. (Reprint of Herder edition 1958).

_________. Summa theologiæ, vol. 4-5. Westminster, Merryland: Christian Classics, 1981.

Chauvet, Louis-Marie. Symbol and Sacrament: A Sacramental Reinterpretation of Christian Existence. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1995.

_________. The Sacraments: The Word of God and the Mercy of the Body. Collegeville, MI: The Liturgical Press, 2001.

Cochini, Christian. The Apostolic Origins of Priestly Celibacy. Translated by Nelly Marans. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1990.

Flemington, W.F. The New Testament Doctrine of Baptism. London: SPCK, 1957.

Garrigou-Lagrange, Reginald. The Priest in Union with Christ. Translated by G.W. Shelton. Westminster: The Newman Press, 1952.

_________. The Priesthood and Perfection. Translated by E. Hayden. Westminster, MD: Newman Press, 1955.

Galot, Jean. Theology of the Priesthood. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1985.

Hauke, Manfred. Women in the Priesthood? A Systematic Analysis in the Light of the Order of Creation and Redemption. Translated by David Kipp. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1988.

James, E.O. Sacrifice and Sacrament. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1962.

Kilpatrick, G.D. The Eucharist in Bible and Liturgy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Kline, M.G. By Oath Consigned: A Reinterpretation of the Covenant Signs of Circumcision and Baptism. Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 1968.

Leeming, B. Principles of Sacramental Theology. Westminster, MD: Newman Press, 1956.

O’Loughlin, Frank. Christ Present in the Eucharist. Sydney: St Pauls Publications, 2000.

O’Neill, Coleman E. Meeting Christ in the Sacraments. New York: Alba House, 1964.

_________. Sacramental Realism: A General Theory of Sacraments. Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, 1983.

Pope Benedict XVI. A New Song for the Lord: Faith in Christ and Liturgy Today. Translated by Martha M. Matesich. New York: The Crossroad Publishing Company, 1996.

Pourrat, P. Theology of the Sacraments. St. Louis: B. Herder, 1909.

Ratzinger, Joseph. God is Near Us: The Eucharist, the Heart of Life. Translated by Henry Taylor. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2003.

_________. Heart of the Christian Life: Thoughts on Holy Mass. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2010.

_________. The Spirit of the Liturgy. Translated by John Saward. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2000.

Schillebeeckx, Edward. Christ the Sacrament of the Encounter with God. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1963.

Woodbury, Austin. The Sacraments in Common. Sydney: Aquinas Academy (unpublished text), 1963.

Wordon, T (ed.). Sacraments in Scripture. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1966.

Scholarly Journal Articles:

Cavalletti, Sofia. “Memorial and Typology in Jewish and Christian Liturgy.” Letter & Spirit 1 (2005): 69-86.

Daniélou, Jean Cardinal. “The Sacraments and the History of Salvation.” Letter & Spirit 2 (2006): 203-216.

Driscoll, Jeremy. “The Word of God in the Liturgy of the New Covenant.” Letter & Spirit 1 (2005): 87-100.

Hahn, Scott W. “Worship in the Word: Toward a Liturgical Hermeneutic.” Letter & Spirit 1 (2005): 1001-136.